protocol - Where is Double hashing performed in Bitcoin ...
Hashing 24 (2020) Review: Can It Be Trusted?
Bitcoin Price Holds Below $12K Even as Hashrate Hits All ...
Bitcoin hashing - Frequently asked questions
AMA request: Someone who does leased hashing power cloud mining for Bitcoin.
I would like to ask about some of the details related to what kind of a computer you use, how much BTC you actually earn and if it truly does make a profit. In general, how much time do you spend at your computer focused on this as well. Thank you!
I am moving into a big apartment complex with free electricity and would like to use it to mine bitcoin. I have a few questions, as I am a total newbie in this. 1) Which type of miner should I use, and will the profits be as good as they seem? At current rates, I could buy a Whatsminer m30s++ which would profit $250/ mo and pay itself off in ~7 months. After that is pure profit, but I'd also assume that newer miners will make it obsolete. What would long-term profit look like? 2) Can a wall plugin support the power draw? I've heard that some of these miners can pull too much electricity, but I'm not sure. 3) Will I get noticed? I'm not looking to do anything crazy. Just a couple of miners. This is a huge apartment with 100s of units, so the bump in electricity will likely be unnoticeable. Thanks in advance for the info.
Searching for the best bitcoin cloud mining site? All things considered, well you are in the perfect spot. We are here to give you the rundown of best cloud mining destinations that are making round on the web. Is it true that you are tried to lease the equipment gear and mine without anyone else? Cloud mining can help you in such manner. We will experience each and everything from what cloud mining is to how you can lease gear to ensure your mining procedure runs easily. How about we plunge into this!
What is cloud mining?
Cloud Mining is a procedure where you participate in a mining pool and buy a specific measure of "Hash Power". An equivalent extent of benefit is disseminated among all the members who partake in the mining pool based on allotted hash power. It permits you to mine digital currency without introducing any equipment. There are numerous organizations that accomplish this difficult work for you and partake in cloud digging for you at a fundamental expense.
Bitcoin Cloud Mining Site #1: Hashflare
Something close to 2015, the site propelled its administrations to its clients and has developed colossally from that point forward. Presently, the site has around 1 million guests consistently. Hashflare is a help that offers cloud mining contracts. The clients can mine five diverse digital forms of money through this stage for example ZCASH, DASH, Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), and Bitcoin (BTC). The stage offers diverse pool mining arrangements. You can choose your own redo pool dependent on your inclinations and Hashrate. The benefit is conveyed to all clients dependent on the Hashrate. The best thing about Hashflare is that you don't require large ventures to begin. The payouts are extremely straightforward with various installment strategies. It offers constant mining measurements with the goal that you can undoubtedly follow how much benefit you have made. Read full article at Best Bitcoin Cloud Mining Sites in 2020 [Legit & trusted]
The Retrospect and Prospect of the Crypto Economy——The Development and Evolution of the Consensus Mechanism (Three)
https://preview.redd.it/45wwtygv2rc51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=a5f51ea3c620d478231c39e32f198eb64d801897 Foreword The consensus mechanism is one of the important elements of the blockchain and the core rule of the normal operation of the distributed ledger. It is mainly used to solve the trust problem between people and determine who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining the effective unification of the system in the blockchain system. Thus, it has become an everlasting research hot topic in blockchain. This article starts with the concept and role of the consensus mechanism. First, it enables the reader to have a preliminary understanding of the consensus mechanism as a whole; then starting with the two armies and the Byzantine general problem, the evolution of the consensus mechanism is introduced in the order of the time when the consensus mechanism is proposed; Then, it briefly introduces the current mainstream consensus mechanism from three aspects of concept, working principle and representative project, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of the mainstream consensus mechanism; finally, it gives suggestions on how to choose a consensus mechanism for blockchain projects and pointed out the possibility of the future development of the consensus mechanism. Contents First, concept and function of the consensus mechanism 1.1 Concept: The core rules for the normal operation of distributed ledgers 1.2 Role: Solve the trust problem and decide the generation and maintenance of new blocks 1.2.1 Used to solve the trust problem between people 1.2.2 Used to decide who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining effective unity in the blockchain system 1.3 Mainstream model of consensus algorithm Second, the origin of the consensus mechanism 2.1 The two armies and the Byzantine generals 2.1.1 The two armies problem 2.1.2 The Byzantine generals problem 2.2 Development history of consensus mechanism 2.2.1 Classification of consensus mechanism 2.2.2 Development frontier of consensus mechanism Third, Common Consensus System Fourth, Selection of consensus mechanism and summary of current situation 4.1 How to choose a consensus mechanism that suits you 4.1.1 Determine whether the final result is important 4.1.2 Determine how fast the application process needs to be 4.1.2 Determining the degree to which the application requires for decentralization 4.1.3 Determine whether the system can be terminated 4.1.4 Select a suitable consensus algorithm after weighing the advantages and disadvantages 4.2 Future development of consensus mechanism Last lecture review: Chapter 1 Concept and Function of Consensus Mechanism plus Chapter 2 Origin of Consensus Mechanism Last lecture review: Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 2) Figure 6 Summary of relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms https://preview.redd.it/2yepvjjy2rc51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=acaed31fa6106ac2f501fe2cb284f66bb2258a0e Source: Hasib Anwar, "Consensus Algorithms: The Root Of The Blockchain Technology" The picture above shows 14 relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms summarized by a geek Hasib Anwar, including PoW (Proof of Work), PoS (Proof of Stake), DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake), LPoS (Lease Proof of Stake), PoET ( Proof of Elapsed Time), PBFT (Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance), SBFT (Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DBFT (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), Proof-of-Activity (Proof of Activity), Proof-of- Importance (Proof of Importance), Proof-of-Capacity (Proof of Capacity), Proof-of-Burn ( Proof of Burn), Proof-of-Weight (Proof of Weight). Next, we will mainly introduce and analyze the top ten consensus mechanisms of the current blockchain. 》DBFT -Concept: Delegated Byzantine fault tolerance. The improved Byzantine fault-tolerant algorithm makes it suitable for blockchain systems. The system consists of nodes, delegators (who can approve blocks), and speakers (who proposes the next block). It is a consensus algorithm that guarantees fault tolerance implemented inside the NEO blockchain. -Principle: In this mechanism, there are two participants: the professional bookkeeper "bookkeeping node" and the ordinary users in the system. Ordinary users vote based on the proportion of holding stake to determine the bookkeeping node. When a consensus is required, a spokesperson is randomly selected from these bookkeeping nodes to draw up a plan, and then other bookkeeping nodes will vote basing on the Byzantine fault tolerance algorithm.That is, majority principle. If more than 66% of the nodes agree to the spokesperson’ plan, a consensus is reached; otherwise, the spokesperson is re-elected and the voting process is repeated. -Representative application: Neo, etc. 》PoA -Concept: Proof of authority. That is, certified by some accredited accounts, these accredited accounts are called "validators". The software that the verifier runs that supports the verifier to place transactions in blocks. -Principle: Three conditions:
The identity must be formally verified on the chain, and the information can be cross-verified in a publicly available domain;
The qualifications must be difficult to obtain, so that the rights of the verification block obtained are precious enough;
The authoritative inspection and procedures must be completely unified.
With PoA, every individual has the right to become a verifier, so there is an incentive to maintain the position of the verifier once acquired. By attaching a reputation to the identity, the verifier can be encouraged to maintain the transaction process. Because the verifier does not want to gain a negative reputation, it will lose its hard-won verifier status. -Representative applications: VeChain, etc. 》DAG -Concept: Directed acyclic graph. Each newly added unit in the DAG is not only added to the long chain block, but added to all the previous blocks, verifying each new unit and confirming its parent unit and the parent unit of the parent unit, and gradually confirming until the genesis unit. As the hash of its parent unit is included in its own unit, the blockchains of all transactions are connected to each other to form a graph-like structure with time. -Principle: In the DAG network, each node can be a trader and a validator, because the transaction processing in DAG is done by the transaction node itself. Taking IOTA as an example, IOTA’s Tangle led ger does not need to pay transaction fees while ensuring high-speed transaction processing. However, it does not mean that the transaction is free, because in this ledger, the initiation of each transaction needs to verify the other two random transactions first, and connect the transaction initiated by itself to these two transactions, so the responsibility that miners on the blockchain bear is distributed to all traders. The DAG method of processing transactions can be called asynchronous processing mode. Figure 10 The difference between the traditional blockchain structure and the DAG structure https://preview.redd.it/1xfssxj03rc51.png?width=553&format=png&auto=webp&s=95c382f81943c9a188a89ac6b2dadf64446589e6 -Representative applications: IOTA, etc. 》PoET -Concept: Proof of elapsed time. That is, it is usually used in a permissioned blockchain network. It can determine the mining rights of the block holders in the network. The permissioned blockchain network requires any prospective participants to verify their identity before joining. According to the principles of the fair lottery system, each node is equally likely to become the winner. -Principle: Each participating node in the network must wait for a randomly selected period, and the first node to complete the set waiting time will get a new block. Each node in the blockchain network will generate a random waiting time and sleep for a set time. The node that wakes up first, that is, the node with the shortest waiting time, wakes up and submits a new block to the blockchain, and then broadcasts the necessary information to the entire peer-to-peer network. The same process will be repeated to find the next block. Two factors:
Participating nodes will naturally select a random time in nature, rather than deliberately;
The winner did complete the waiting time.
-Representative application: HyperLedger Sawtooth, etc. 》PoSV -Concept: Proof of stake velocity. Proposed by Reddcoin, drawing on the concept of "money circulation speed" in economics, it mainly allocates bookkeeping rights based on the coin age of nodes participating in the competition. -Principle: PoSV also allocates accounting rights according to the coin age of the nodes participating in the competition, but modifies the coin age calculation formula to a function of exponential decay of growth rate. Taking Reddcoin as an example, Reddcoin sets the half-life of the coin age growth rate to 1 month. Assuming that the unit token can accumulate 1CoinDay coin age on the first day, only 0.5CoinDay coin age can be accumulated on the 31st day, and only 0.25CoinDay coin age can be accumulated on the 61st day, and so on. In this way, the nodes are encouraged to use the token to conduct a transaction after holding the token for a period of time, thereby restarting the calculation of the coin age and increasing the circulation speed of the token in the network. -Representative applications: Reddcoin, etc. Table 2 Comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of current mainstream consensus mechanisms https://preview.redd.it/kb04i7eh3rc51.png?width=1236&format=png&auto=webp&s=42de13bc99afaf258c0a740a6618e2d579b59100 Source: network resources Chapter 4 Summary of the Selection and Status Quo of Consensus Mechanism 4.1 How to choose a consensus mechanism that suits you Step 1: Determine whether the final result is important For some applications, the end result is very important. If you are building a new payment system that can support very small amounts, it is acceptable for the transaction result to change. Similarly, if you are creating a new distributed social network, 100% guarantee that the status is updated immediately is not particularly necessary. On the contrary, if you are creating a new distributed protocol, the final result is critical to the user experience. For example, Bitcoin has a final confirmation time of about 1 hour, Ethereum has a final confirmation time of about 6 minutes, and Tendermint Core only has a final confirmation time of 1 second. Step 2: Determine how fast the application process needs to be If you are building a game, is it reasonable to wait 15 seconds before each action? Due to the low block processing time of Ethereum, games built on it will cause poor user experience due to Ethereum's throughput. However, the application for the transfer of housing property rights can be run on Ethereum. Use the Cosmos SDK to build an application that allows developers to freely use Tendermint Core. It has a short block processing time and high throughput, and is capable of processing 10,000 transactions per second. You can reduce the required communication overhead and speed up the application by setting the maximum number of validators for the application. Step 3: Determine the application's demand for decentralization Some applications such as games may not require very high censorship resistance as a by-product of decentralization. In theory, does it really matter that the validator can create a cartel in the game and reverse the transaction result for profit? If it is not important, a blockchain such as EOS may be more suitable for your needs because of the fast transaction speed and free fees. However, some applications such as autonomous banks are more powerful and decentralized. Although Ethereum is considered to be decentralized, some supporters claim that Ethereum's mining pool is an important part of centralized platform, although there are actually only 11 validators (mining pools). One of the major benefits of building your own blockchain instead of building on a smart contract platform is that you can customize the way the application completes verification. However, it is difficult to build your own blockchain, so the Cosmos SDK is very useful, you can easily build your own blockchain and customize the degree of decentralization you need. Step 4: Determine whether the system can be terminated If you are building a new application similar to a distributed ride-sharing service, then ensuring 24/7 service must be the first priority, even if there are occasional errors in accounting similar to transactions. One of the properties of Tendermint Core is that if there is a disagreement between network validators, the network will suspend operations instead of proceeding erroneous transactions. Applications such as decentralized exchanges require correctness at all costs-if there is a problem, it is far better to suspend trading on the decentralized exchange than there may be trading problems. Summary: Choose a suitable consensus algorithm after weighing the advantages and disadvantages All in all, there is no single best consensus algorithm. Each consensus algorithm has its own value and advantages. You need to have your own judgments and choices. However, by understanding the relevant processes of the consensus mechanism, including proposals and agreements, and establishing a framework to consider the types of consensus algorithms that your application may require, you should be able to make wiser decisions. 4.2 Future development of consensus mechanism The consensus algorithm is one of the core elements of the blockchain. Although there are more than 30 consensus mechanisms listed in the article, there are still many niche consensus mechanisms that may not be discussed. As the blockchain technology is gradually known and accepted by the public, more and more newer and better consensus algorithms may appear in the future, which may be brand-new consensus algorithms, and more should be improvement and optimization version based on the current consensus algorithm. After 2016 and 2017 years’ fast development, the current consensus algorithm does not have a recognized evaluation standard, but is generally more biased towards fairness and decentralization, as well as some technical related issues, such as energy consumption and scalability , Fault tolerance and security, etc. However, blockchain technology must be combined with requirements and application scenarios, and the consensus mechanism algorithm and incentive mechanism are inseparable. How to customize a suitable consensus mechanism according to the characteristics of your own project and optimize the current consensus mechanism will become the future direction of consensus mechanism development CelesOS As the first DPOW financial blockchain operating system, CelesOS adopts consensus mechanism 3.0 to break through the "impossible triangle", which can provide high TPS while also allowing for decentralization. Committed to creating a financial blockchain operating system that embraces supervision, providing services for financial institutions and the development of applications on the supervision chain, and formulating a role and consensus ecological supervision layer agreement for supervision. The CelesOS team is dedicated to building a bridge between blockchain and regulatory agencies/financial industry. We believe that only blockchain technology that cooperates with regulators will have a real future. We believe in and contribute to achieving this goal. 📷Website https://www.celesos.com/ 📷Telegram https://t.me/celeschain 📷Twitter https://twitter.com/CelesChain 📷Reddit https://www.reddit.com/useCelesOS 📷Medium https://medium.com/@celesos 📷Facebook https://www.facebook.com/CelesOS1 📷Youtube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1Xsd8wU957D-R8RQVZPfGA
Review and Prospect of Crypto Economy-Development and Evolution of Consensus Mechanism (2)
https://preview.redd.it/a51zsja94db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=99e8080c9e9b1fb5e11cbd70f915f9cb37188f81 Foreword The consensus mechanism is one of the important elements of the blockchain and the core rule of the normal operation of the distributed ledger. It is mainly used to solve the trust problem between people and determine who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining the effective unification of the system in the blockchain system. Thus, it has become an everlasting research hot topic in blockchain. This article starts with the concept and role of the consensus mechanism. First, it enables the reader to have a preliminary understanding of the consensus mechanism as a whole; then starting with the two armies and the Byzantine general problem, the evolution of the consensus mechanism is introduced in the order of the time when the consensus mechanism is proposed; Then, it briefly introduces the current mainstream consensus mechanism from three aspects of concept, working principle and representative project, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of the mainstream consensus mechanism; finally, it gives suggestions on how to choose a consensus mechanism for blockchain projects and pointed out the possibility of the future development of the consensus mechanism. Contents First, concept and function of the consensus mechanism 1.1 Concept: The core rules for the normal operation of distributed ledgers 1.2 Role: Solve the trust problem and decide the generation and maintenance of new blocks 1.2.1 Used to solve the trust problem between people 1.2.2 Used to decide who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining effective unity in the blockchain system 1.3 Mainstream model of consensus algorithm Second, the origin of the consensus mechanism 2.1 The two armies and the Byzantine generals 2.1.1 The two armies problem 2.1.2 The Byzantine generals problem 2.2 Development history of consensus mechanism 2.2.1 Classification of consensus mechanism 2.2.2 Development frontier of consensus mechanism Third, Common Consensus System Fourth, Selection of consensus mechanism and summary of current situation 4.1 How to choose a consensus mechanism that suits you 4.1.1 Determine whether the final result is important 4.1.2 Determine how fast the application process needs to be 4.1.2 Determining the degree to which the application requires for decentralization 4.1.3 Determine whether the system can be terminated 4.1.4 Select a suitable consensus algorithm after weighing the advantages and disadvantages 4.2 Future development of consensus mechanism Last lecture review: Chapter 1 Concept and Function of Consensus Mechanism plus Chapter 2 Origin of Consensus Mechanism Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 1) Figure 6 Summary of relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms 📷 https://preview.redd.it/9r7q3xra4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=bae5554a596feaac948fae22dffafee98c4318a7 Source: Hasib Anwar, "Consensus Algorithms: The Root Of The Blockchain Technology" The picture above shows 14 relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms summarized by a geek Hasib Anwar, including PoW (Proof of Work), PoS (Proof of Stake), DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake), LPoS (Lease Proof of Stake), PoET ( Proof of Elapsed Time), PBFT (Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance), SBFT (Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DBFT (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), Proof-of-Activity (Proof of Activity), Proof-of- Importance (Proof of Importance), Proof-of-Capacity (Proof of Capacity), Proof-of-Burn ( Proof of Burn), Proof-of-Weight (Proof of Weight). Next, we will mainly introduce and analyze the top ten consensus mechanisms of the current blockchain. 》POW -Concept: Work proof mechanism. That is, the proof of work means that it takes a certain amount of computer time to confirm the work. -Principle: Figure 7 PoW work proof principle 📷 https://preview.redd.it/xupacdfc4db51.png?width=554&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b6994641f5890804d93dfed9ecfd29308c8e0cc The PoW represented by Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 algorithm function, which is a 256-bit hash algorithm in the password hash function family: Proof of work output = SHA256 (SHA256 (block header)); if (output of proof of work if (output of proof of work >= target value), change the random number, recursive i logic, continue to compare with the target value. New difficulty value = old difficulty value* (time spent by last 2016 blocks /20160 minutes) Target value = maximum target value / difficulty value The maximum target value is a fixed number. If the last 2016 blocks took less than 20160 minutes, then this coefficient will be small, and the target value will be adjusted bigger, if not, the target value will be adjusted smaller. Bitcoin mining difficulty and block generation speed will be inversely proportional to the appropriate adjustment of block generation speed. -Representative applications: BTC, etc. 》POS -Concept: Proof of stake. That is, a mechanism for reaching consensus based on the holding currency. The longer the currency is held, the greater the probability of getting a reward. -Principle: PoS implementation algorithm formula: hash(block_header) = Coin age calculation formula: coinage = number of coins * remaining usage time of coins Among them, coinage means coin age, which means that the older the coin age, the easier it is to get answers. The calculation of the coin age is obtained by multiplying the coins owned by the miner by the remaining usage time of each coin, which also means that the more coins you have, the easier it is to get answers. In this way, pos solves the problem of wasting resources in pow, and miners cannot own 51% coins from the entire network, so it also solves the problem of 51% attacks. -Representative applications: ETH, etc. 》DPoS -Concept: Delegated proof of stake. That is, currency holding investors select super nodes by voting to operate the entire network , similar to the people's congress system. -Principle: The DPOS algorithm is divided into two parts. Elect a group of block producers and schedule production. Election: Only permanent nodes with the right to be elected can be elected, and ultimately only the top N witnesses can be elected. These N individuals must obtain more than 50% of the votes to be successfully elected. In addition, this list will be re-elected at regular intervals. Scheduled production: Under normal circumstances, block producers take turns to generate a block every 3 seconds. Assuming that no producer misses his order, then the chain they produce is bound to be the longest chain. When a witness produces a block, a block needs to be generated every 2s. If the specified time is exceeded, the current witness will lose the right to produce and the right will be transferred to the next witness. Then the witness is not only unpaid, but also may lose his identity. -Representative applications: EOS, etc. 》DPoW -Concept: Delayed proof of work. A new-generation consensus mechanism based on PoB and DPoS. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. This can achieve a balance between computing power and mining rights. -Principle: In the DPoW-based blockchain, miners are no longer rewarded tokens, but "wood" that can be burned, burning wood. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. Through a set of algorithms, people who burn more wood or BP or a group of BP can obtain the right to generate blocks in the next event segment, and get rewards (tokens) after successful block generation. Since more than one person may burn wood in a time period, the probability of producing blocks in the next time period is determined by the amount of wood burned by oneself. The more it is burned, the higher the probability of obtaining block rights in the next period. Two node types: notary node and normal node. The 64 notary nodes are elected by the stakeholders of the dPoW blockchain, and the notarized confirmed blocks can be added from the dPoW blockchain to the attached PoW blockchain. Once a block is added, the hash value of the block will be added to the Bitcoin transaction signed by 33 notary nodes, and a hash will be created to the dPow block record of the Bitcoin blockchain. This record has been notarized by most notary nodes in the network. In order to avoid wars on mining between notary nodes, and thereby reduce the efficiency of the network, Komodo designed a mining method that uses a polling mechanism. This method has two operating modes. In the "No Notary" (No Notary) mode, all network nodes can participate in mining, which is similar to the traditional PoW consensus mechanism. In the "Notaries Active" mode, network notaries use a significantly reduced network difficulty rate to mine. In the "Notary Public Activation" mode, each notary public is allowed to mine a block with its current difficulty, while other notary public nodes must use 10 times the difficulty of mining, and all normal nodes use 100 times the difficulty of the notary public node. Figure 8 DPoW operation process without a notary node 📷 https://preview.redd.it/3yuzpemd4db51.png?width=500&format=png&auto=webp&s=f3bc2a1c97b13cb861414d3eb23a312b42ea6547 -Representative applications: CelesOS, Komodo, etc. CelesOS Research Institute丨DPoW consensus mechanism-combustible mining and voting 》PBFT -Concept: Practical Byzantine fault tolerance algorithm. That is, the complexity of the algorithm is reduced from exponential to polynomial level, making the Byzantine fault-tolerant algorithm feasible in practical system applications. -Principle: Figure 9 PBFT algorithm principle 📷 https://preview.redd.it/8as7rgre4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=372be730af428f991375146efedd5315926af1ca First, the client sends a request to the master node to call the service operation, and then the master node broadcasts other copies of the request. All copies execute the request and send the result back to the client. The client needs to wait for f+1 different replica nodes to return the same result as the final result of the entire operation. Two qualifications: 1. All nodes must be deterministic. That is to say, the results of the operation must be the same under the same conditions and parameters. 2. All nodes must start from the same status. Under these two limited qualifications, even if there are failed replica nodes, the PBFT algorithm agrees on the total order of execution of all non-failed replica nodes, thereby ensuring security. -Representative applications: Tendermint Consensus, etc. Next Lecture: Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 2) + Chapter 4 Consensus Mechanism Selection and Status Summary CelesOS As the first DPOW financial blockchain operating system, CelesOS adopts consensus mechanism 3.0 to break through the "impossible triangle", which can provide high TPS while also allowing for decentralization. Committed to creating a financial blockchain operating system that embraces supervision, providing services for financial institutions and the development of applications on the supervision chain, and formulating a role and consensus ecological supervision layer agreement for supervision. The CelesOS team is dedicated to building a bridge between blockchain and regulatory agencies/financial industry. We believe that only blockchain technology that cooperates with regulators will have a real future. We believe in and contribute to achieving this goal. 📷Website https://www.celesos.com/ 📷Telegram https://t.me/celeschain 📷Twitter https://twitter.com/CelesChain 📷Reddit https://www.reddit.com/useCelesOS 📷Medium https://medium.com/@celesos 📷Facebook https://www.facebook.com/CelesOS1 📷Youtube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1Xsd8wU957D-R8RQVZPfGA
Bitcoin Overview Bitcoin is digital-currency, It is known as the cryptocurrency. Bitcoin is a widely used cryptocurrency. It is one of the most secure cryptocurrencies in the world. It doesn't govern by a central bank or any government. Here you don't need to pay high transaction fees while you are making a transaction over the bitcoin network. Here your privacy is also hidden. So no one knows who transferring fund to whom. This is the main reason why people start taking an interest in bitcoin. From the researcher, It is the future of the digital currency. What Is Bitcoin Mining? Why It Is Important? Bitcoin mining is the process done by miners from the world. Miners can participate in mining to secure the whole bitcoin network. Miners confirm the transaction over a bitcoin network called blockchain and regularly update to the bitcoin ledger called a blockchain. This process is done by powerful bitcoin mining hardware such as GPUs, AICS' chips, Mining Rigs, etc. Mining hardware help to solve a complex mathematical problem. If miners successfully solve the problem then they rewarded with newly generated bitcoins. The current reward is 12.5 BTC + Transaction fees. What Is Bitcoin Cloud Mining? List Of Best Free Cloud Mining Website If you don't want to invest in costly mining hardware then here is the solution. You can participate in the bitcoin mining cloud. Here mining hardware is maintained by mining companies. You just need to purchase hardware on lease or hashing power on rent. Then you participate in bitcoin mining using mining hardware & mining software. Rest of the things done by mining companies. If you are interested in bitcoin mining? I highly recommended to join Global Mining, It is one of the best bitcoin mining service provider. The regularly maintain hardware and also get 24/7 support from their efficient support team. This is one of the best free cloud mining company which provides everything in a transparent way. You bitcoin is 100% secure and it is a trustworthy bitcoin mining company. You can find more info about bitcoin or bitcoin mining from here Wikipedia, Bitcoin.it, Bitcoinwiki.org
OVERVIEW Rarely has any technology such as blockchain attracted the public and media organisations. Institutions designed to catalyze the fourth industrial revolution are experimenting with technology, and investors have invested hundreds of millions of dollars in blockchain companies. This is a low-risk, experimental environment with error protection. Innovation is a combination of creativity and implementation. Ideas often must go through an evolutionary or cyclical phase before they are ready for commercialization. In fact, the cycle is so long that it is too expensive, inefficient in terms of time and money to generate and generate ideas, and in most cases almost never reaches commercial value. Thus, almost 99% of venture capital firms fail. A fast growing technology that has come to enhance the blockchain technology is CYPHERIUM. ￼ CHALLENGES FACING THE BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY The Bitcoin framework is one of the most notable usage of blockchain innovations in circulated exchange based frameworks. In Bitcoin, each system hub seeks the benefit of putting away a lot of at least one exchanges in another square of the blockchain by comprehending a complex computational math issue, here and there alluded to as a mining verification of-work (POW). Under current conditions, a lot of exchanges is ordinarily put away in another square of the Bitcoin blockchain at a pace of around one new square like clockwork, and each square has an inexact size of one megabyte (MB). As needs be, the Bitcoin framework is dependent upon a looming versatility issue: as it were 3 to 7 exchanges can be handled every second, which is far underneath the quantity of exchanges handled in other exchange based frameworks, for example, the roughly 30,000 exchanges for each second in the Visa™ exchange framework. The most huge disadvantage of the Nakamoto accord is its absence of irrevocability. Conclusion implies once an exchange or an activity is performed on the blockchain, it is for all time recorded on the blockchain and difficult to turn around. This is fundamental to the wellbeing of money related repayment frameworks as exchanges must not be saved once they are made. For Bitcoin's situation, noxious on-screen characters can alter the exchange history given enough hash power, causing a twofold spending assault, given that there is sufficient motivator and money related practicality to complete such assaults. Given that mining gear leasing and botnets are at present predominant around the world, such an assault has become achievable. Because of this absence of conclusiveness, Nakamoto accord must depend on additional measures, for example, confirmation of-work to forestall pernicious exercises. This hinders the capacity ofNakamoto accord to scale in light of the fact that a exchange must hang tight for various affirmations before coming to "probabilistic absolution". In this way, wellbeing isn't ensured by Nakamoto agreement, and so as to secure the system, each exchange must experience extra an ideal opportunity to process. For Bitcoin's situation, an exchange isn't considered last until in any event six affirmations. Since Bitcoin can just process a couple of exchanges every second, the exchange cost is preposterously high, making it unreasonable for little installments like shopping for food or eatery feasting. This extraordinarily frustrates Bitcoin's utilization as an installment strategy in this present reality. ￼ CYPHERIUM SOLUTIONS Cypherium's exclusive algorithm, CypherBFT conquers burdens of the earlier craftsmanship by giving a circulated exchange framework including a gathering of validator hubs that are known to each other in a system however are undefined to the next system hubs in the system. As utilized thus, the gathering of validator hubs might be alluded to as a "Board of trustees" of validator hubs. In a few explanations, the framework reconfigures at least one validator hubs in the Committee dependent on the consequences of confirmation of-work (POW) challenges. As per some uncovered epitomes, a system hub that isn't as of now a validator hub in the Committee might be added to the Committee on the off chance that it effectively finishes a POW challenge. In such an occasion, the system hub may turn into another validator hub in the Committee, supplanting a current validator hub. In elective epitomes, a system hub may become another validator hub in the Committee dependent on a proof-of-stake (POS) accord. In yet another epitome, a system hub may turn into another validator hub in the Committee dependent on a verification of-authority (POA) agreement. In other elective exemplifications, a system hub may turn into a new validator hub in the Committee dependent on a mix of any of POW, POA, and POS accord. ￼ In some revealed exemplifications, the new validator hub replaces a validator hub in the Committee. The substitution might be founded on a foreordained guideline known by all the hubs in the system. For model, the new validator hub may supplant the most established validator hub in the Committee. As indicated by another model, the new validator hub may supplant a validator hub that has been resolved to have gone disconnected, become bargained (e.g., hacked), fizzled (e.g., because of equipment breakdown), or in any case is inaccessible or not, at this point trusted. In the praiseworthy exemplifications, the circulated framework expect that for an adaptation to non-critical failure of f hubs, the Committee incorporates at any rate 3f +1 validator hubs. Since the validator hubs in the Committee might be every now and again supplanted, for instance, contingent upon the measure of time required to finish the POW challenges, it is hard for vindictive outsiders to identify the total arrangement of validator hubs in the Committee at some random time. ￼ BENEFITS OF CYPHERIUM BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY Cypherium runs its exclusive CypherBFT accord, tied down by the HotStuff calculation, and can genuinely offer moment irrevocability for its system clients. With its HotStuff-based structure, the CypherBFT's runtime keeps going just 20-30 milliseconds (ms). A few affirmations are all that is required to for all time acknowledge a proposed obstruct into the blockchain, and it just takes 90ms for these affirmations to come to pass, making the procedure essentially quicker than the two-minutes required by EOS. Cypherium's CypherBFT, which additionally uses HotStuff, doesn't have to pick between responsiveness and linearity. Cypherium's double blockchain structure incorporates the velocities of a dag, however its review for clients can occur a lot more straightforward and quicker, which adds to the accessibility of data and makes the data more decentralized. As per some revealed epitomes, the validator hubs in the Committee may get exchange demands from other system hubs, for instance, in a P2P organize. The Committee may incorporate at any rate one validator hub that fills in as a "Pioneer" validator hub; the other validator hubs might be alluded to as "Partner" validator hubs. The Leader hub might be changed occasionally, on request, or inconsistently by the individuals from the Committee. At the point when any validator hub gets another exchange demand from a non-validator hub in the system, the exchange solicitation might be sent to the entirety of the validator hubs in the Committee. Further to the unveiled epitomes, the Pioneer hub facilitates with the other Associate validator hubs to arrive at an accord of an attitude (e.g., acknowledge or dismiss) for an exchange square containing the exchange solicitation and communicates the accord to the whole P2P arrange. In the event that the accord is to acknowledge or in any case approve the exchange demand, the mentioned exchange might be included another square of a blockchain that is known to in any event a portion of the system hubs in the system. In conclusion, CYPHERIUM'S distributed smart-contracts block-chain is ideal for a good number of use cases which include (but not limited to): Finance Messaging Voting Notarization Digital Agreements (Contracts) Secure data storage A.I (Artificial Intelligence) IoT (Internet of Things To know more about CYPHERIUM kindly visit the following links: WEBSITE: https://cypherium.io/ GITHUB: https://github.com/cypherium WHITEPAPER: https://github.com/cypherium/patent/blob/maste15224.0003%20-%20FINAL%20Draft%20Application%20(originally%200003%20invention%201)%20single%20chain%20in%20pipeline.pdf TELEGRAM: https://t.me/cypherium_supergroup TWITTER: http://twitter.com/cypheriumchain FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/CypheriumChain/ AUTHOR: Nwali Jennifer
Fotonhash Cloud Mining & GPU servers rental is the procedure which implies using a remote datacenter with a shared computing system. Utilizing this system, the miner can access the processing power of the whole computer network. This type of mining makes it possible for the users to mine bitcoins or other cryptocurrencies without managing the hardware. Another name for this process is bitcoin mining. All the mining equipment is placed and maintained in a special facility. The user simply needs to register and conclude a contract with the mining company. In general, cloud mining is a service which entails some expenses and it can result in lower returns for the miner. How does Bitcoin Cloud Mining Work? Such type of mining means a host company owns the hardware and runs it at a facility. The customer pays the company and rents some of the equipment. The earnings depend on the amount of hash power rented. Actually, the customer gets a share of payments for any revenue generated by the hardware. Types of Hosting There are several variants. Users can lease either:
a physical server;
a virtual server with the consecutive installment of the mining software on the machine;
hashing power hosted in a datacenter denominated in GH/s.
In the third case customers can either select a necessary amount of hashing power and a contract period or in some situations can trade their power. Is This Type of Mining Profitable? It depends on the miner’s goals. If it’s necessary to get bitcoins, then it is easier just to buy them. If the user wants just to try mining, it’s better simply to buy an affordable USB miner and run it in-house. In case mining is treated as a long-term perspective and the miner is ready to make some investments, then cloud mining is the best solution. All in all, cloud mining is worth speaking about in terms of profit and convenience. Fotonhash provides fast and reliable GPU servers for variable services, including: Deep machine learning, Crypto currency mining, Video rendering, VAR design. Rent GPU servers with per-month payment from Fotonhash right now-https://fotonhash.com
Will Bitcoin mining still be profitable after 2020 halving?
Looking in get into BTC mining (I know it's late) I have a few grand to invest in hardware currently and at current rate I know it will be profitable for me since I rent an office for work and get electricity covered under my lease. My question is longer term, will Bitcoin mining remain worth it after the Halving in 2020 and the reward gets cut by half?
Sharering (SHR) I believe this one is going to surprise so many. Already generating revenue and doing buybacks every week. Already over 10 000 registered users. Mainnet + app + masternodes and staking before EOY.
I got this stuff from Steve Aitchison, he wrote this review and posted it on Uptrennd. Figured I should put it on here as well since I truly believe this is an incredible moonshot. I'm personally holding SHR myself and am very convinced it will do extremely well. Give a read through it and you will immediatly see why. Enjoy guys. Introduction Imagine for a second the following scenario. You are a 2 car family. One car is used every day going back and forth to work, for shopping, all the little jaunts you and your husband like to go on. Your grown children are at university and come home for the weekends so the other car sits in the driveway all week and doesn’t get used during the week. What a waste of a perfectly good car. You think to yourself we could put that car to good use and actually help to pay for university fees, by renting it out during the week. However, then you think “well it’s only a little Ford Fiesta who’s going to want to rent that.” Well, it turns out a lot of people want to rent it and for a good price: £34 ($40) per day, a possible $800 per month. Peer to peer car sharing has grown massively over the last few years and people are making serious money by letting our vehicles on a daily basis, emulating the Airbnb model. In fact companies like Turo, Getaround and Drivy, which has just been acquired by Getaround for $300 Million, are bringing in serious investors like Toyota, Softbank Vision Fund, Menlo Ventures, and IAC to the tune of over $800 Million. A key difference between rental companies and peer to peer is that they have vastly improved technology with app interfaces that make locating assets and resources, reserving and using them, and making payment convenient and seamless. This, combined with location-specific analytics, allows by-the-minute access to assets and resources (e.g. cars or bicycles) and enables customers to pick up and drop these assets where and when convenient. Car sharing is just one example of an industry that is being disrupted. We have seen, experienced and read about the amazing growth of Airbnb which is now estimated to be valued at $38 Billion. Airbnb has been so successful that companies like booking.com are trying to get in on the act by adopting a similar model when it comes to booking accommodation. There is also the phenomenal rise of bicycle rentals which we see in cities all over the world, not quite the same as peer to peer sharing, but it’s another rental model that is ripe for being disrupted by the new sharing model. With this business model in mind what other areas could it be used in: Transport: Used for the rental of cars, trucks, scooters, trailers, and even heavy vehicles. Delivery Drivers: Facilitate booking and payment for delivery drivers. Agriculture: Garden sharing, seed swap, bee-hive relocation, etc. Finance: Peer to peer lending Food bank, social dining Travel Tours, shared tour groups Real Estate Airbnb, co-housing, co-living, Couchsurfing, shared office space, house swapping. Time: Labour, co-working, freelancing Assets Book swapping, clothes swapping, fractional ownership, freecycling, toy libraries. Transportation Car sharing, ride-sharing, car-pooling, bicycle sharing, delivery company, couriers And so much more! This newly emerging, but highly fragmented sharing industry, is currently worth over $100 billion. It is predicted to grow to at least $335 billion by 2025. As you can see from a few examples above the sharing economy has a lot of room to grow but what it doesn’t have, yet, is a company who can facilitate ALL of the above use cases in one place. That is until now! ShareRing is disrupting the disruptors by bringing everything together in one place and making it easy for you and me to share anything and everything and making it as easy as opening an app on your phone. Business Case The sharing market has exploded over the last several years. This is due, in part, to the digital age we live in, as we now have over 2.82 Billion people with smart phones around the world. It also due to how easy the business model of sharing lends itself to the digital world, and how with the simple installation of an app we can access a plethora of markets to rent almost anything from. Due to this rise of digital platforms and the proliferation of smartphones, revenues coming from sharing economy platforms are only expected to increase. It is estimated to grow to a $335 billion industry in 2025, compared to its $14 billion value in 2014. (PwC UK). The beauty of the sharing economy is that it is a win/win/win situation for the person who wants to rent something for a few days or weeks, the person who is renting out, and the company who facilitates the ease of the transactions between the renter and the person renting out. Typically the renter will save a lot of money whilst renting out someone else’s apartment, car, bicycle, clothes, dog sitting services etc and they can almost be assured of quality due to the social side of the business model with reviews from real people. The person who is renting out can make additional income and will want good reviews and therefore keep the standard of service higher. The company that is facilitating all of this can make a lot of money on transaction fees, as well as from advertising, and partnership deals, and obviously have an exit strategy for possible buyouts. When it comes to looking at the business model, ShareRing fits in to the Commission Based Platform as described in Ritter and Schanz study where they looked at the core difference in difference business models of the sharing economy: Singular Transaction Models, Subscription-Based Models, Commission-Based Platforms and Unlimited Platforms.) Commission Based Platforms are dominated by (at least) triadic relationships amongst providers, intermediaries and consumers with a utility-bound revenue stream. These business models enable their customers to switch between provider and consumer roles by creating and delivering the value proposition. Only a few employees work for the intermediary and the value creation and delivery is externalized. From a consumer perspective, consumers are empowered to collaborate with each other and to design the collaboration terms by negotiating the terms and conditions of the content, creation, distribution and consumption of the value proposition. Depending on the orientation of the value proposition, consumers purchase commodities (Tauschticket, ebay), access commodities in a defined timespan (booking.com, Airbnb) or buy services (uber, turo) from occasional and professional providers found via an intermediary. The intermediary mainly focuses on nurturing a community feeling and reducing exchange insecurity by incorporating rating systems, micro-assurances and standardizations of payment and delivery into the platform. The platform mainly takes commissions for successful matching and executing trade. (Journal of Cleaner Production Volume 213, 10 March 2019, Pages 320-331) The USP of the ShareRing Business Model The USP that ShareRing has is that it brings all of the different forms of sharing together in one app through partnerships and onboarding of users. No other company, to date, is bringing everything together in such a way. However there are other factors that make ShareRing unique, which we will look at. Token Economics SHR is a utility token and will be used to pay for transactions on the network, such as 'new booking', 'add asset', etc. SHR is used by providers to pay for their access to the ShareLedger blockchain, including the addition of assets, renting out of assets, adding attributes, adding smart contracts, and other features. SharePay (SHRP) is used by customers to pay for the rental of assets. Masternodes will also be a main feature of the SHR token. When a transaction fee is incurred, it will be distributed in a way that allows for masternode holders who provide a service to the platform to receive a reward from each transaction. Transaction fees are charged to sharing providers in SHR. The distribution of transaction fees will be as follows: 50% - will be distributed amongst the active masternode holders who host an active node on the blockchain at that point in time (these holders provide a service to the platform). The distribution will be based on a calculation of the Total Amount Staked and the total continuous uptime of the node. 50% - will be provided to ShareRing Ltd (view ShareRing owned masternodes) for various purposes that contribute to working capital and platform growth. Leased Proof of Stake Consensus ShareRing have chosen the Leased Proof-of-Stake protocol as the consensus algorithm for ShareLedger. This choice is based on the practicality and security benefits evident in the Waves platform. It is also much more cost effective than Proof-of-Work (POW), and will not suffer from the current issues Bitcoin and other POW cryptocurrencies are facing such as scalability and electricity consumption. As explained above master nodes will be a main feature but there is the other feature of lightweight nodes. A user with a lightweight node will be able to stake their tokens to a full node of their choosing and participate in reaching consensus. They will also be free to cancel their leasing at any time as there are no contracts or freezing periods. The more tokens that have been staked in a full node, the higher the probability the node will have in producing the next block. Since the reward is given based on the total number of tokens staked in the full node, there will always be a trade-off between the size of the full node and the percentage of the reward. As an average user of the platform, you will not need to have technical knowledge on how to set up a node nor will you have to download the entire blockchain in order to stake your tokens. Only a user who sets up a full node will be required to do this, making it simpler than ever for users to earn a reward for supporting the platform. The return expected for staking is expected to be around 6 - 8% although this has yet to be confirmed. Buybacks ShareRing are currently implementing a series of buybacks which started in the beginning of November: The buyback operation is done at a random time during the week. If there is enough liquidity, SHR tokens will be bought through a single market order at the time of buyback. In case there is not enough liquidity, a limit buy order at last sell order price will be placed on the market, and will remain open until it gets filled. The buyback program was implemented to test the API purchase process for when live transactions occur on ShareLedger The Buyback Program is expected to:
Reduce the supply of ShareTokens available in both public and private markets
Bring New capital and fund inflows into the Shareledger
Substantially magnify value creation for the ShareToken holders
The Token Flow ShareRing will bring in hundreds of merchants to list their rental products, either exclusively or as part of an aggregator system e.g. When you look at the likes of trivago.com they will list the best hotel prices from multiple merchants who are listed on their website. Essentially ShareRing will become part of the aggregator ecosystem and be listed on sites like trivago.com as well as have exclusive agreements with merchants who are listed directly on their app. ShareRing’s USP is that they have everything on one place as well as their OneID module with means buyers can get a hotel, rent a car, rent their ski equipment, book events all through the one app and using the OneID. With that in mind they are going to attract a lot of merchants. This is where it gets exciting so pay attention to this part. When a merchant is part of the ShareRing ecosystem and a buyer rents something from that merchant ShareRing will take a small % commission from that transaction. So say someone books a hotel for $100 for the night, ShareRing might take $0.50 as a commission. What ShareRing will then do is go to one of the exchanges that ShareRing (SHR) is listed on and buy SHR tokens directly using an API system using USDT. Now, the actual commission has not been disclosed yet however if we assume even a 0.25% commission that means for every $100 Million worth of bookings made through the app will net ShareRing $250,000 which means buy backs of $250,000 for the SHR token, which increases the liquidity of SHR on the exchanges. If you think $100 Million of bookings is a lot, booking.com customers book around 1.5 Million rooms per day, if we estimate an average of $50 per room that is $75 million of bookings PER DAY or $2 Billion worth of bookings per month. This revenue coupled with revenue from OneID and eVOA makes ShareRing profitable almost from day one of the app going live. OneID And eVOA Another exciting development from the ShareRing team is the collaboration between ShareRings Self Sovereign Identity protocol and third party providers to bring OneID and eVOA which will utilise OneID With the huge rise in E-commerce and with over 2.82 billion people who now own a smartphone we are entrusting our personal information to more and more centralised entities. These entities are frequently hacked and our information is leaked to outside parties. ShareRing aims to tackle this with their service OneID module. ShareRing’s OneID solution protects users' data by handling Know Your Customer (KYC) information through third parties and ShareRing’s Self Sovereign Identity Protocol. ShareRing does not hold any identifying information anywhere on its servers. It provides the ultimate security for the renter and also the provider, as the Protocol encrypts and stores your data in a secure manner within your device. Essentially, this means that it is near impossible for a hack or data leak to happen, simply because there is no centralized server of data for hackers to exploit. The OneID module is very easy to use. The end-user needs to complete their ID submission only once, with the entire submission process requiring less than two minutes to complete. Once this step has been completed, the customers KYC is destroyed by the 3rd party document verification system and the OneID module allows merchants to verify a customer’s identity via a hashed verification packet, stored on the users device and ShareLedger. This removes the need for merchants to store or see personal information; safeguarding both merchants and users from fraud. To create your ShareRing OneID, simply:
Take a picture of your government ID document
Take a selfie
Confirm and submit your details
This is something I am really excited about for ShareRing and they already have made partnerships for other companies to use this feature which is another income stream for ShareRing. eVOA E-Visa On Arrival allows applicants to apply online and receive a travel authorisation before departure – this eVOA can be shown at dedicated Thailand immigration counters on arrival at major Thailand airports, allowing travellers to pass through in minutes. OneID system is scheduled to become the lynchpin technology in Thailand’s electronic Visa On Arrival (eVOA) system; one of only two companies to partner with Thai authorities to provide this service. The new Visa system eliminates much of the hassle involved in entering the country: This is a strong validation of the OneID system - immigration controls are some of the most scrutinized processes in any branch of government, and if the OneID solution can operate to their standards then it is truly business-ready. As explained by our COO, Rohan Le Page: “We are providing our OneID product for Thailand e-VOA (Visa On Arrival) that allows 5 Million travellers from 20 countries including China and India to complete the visa process on their mobile through our app. This provides a streamlined immigration process that negates the need for an expensive and time-consuming process when you get off the plane. Additionally, fraud is mitigated with several extra layers of security in the back end including our blockchain (ShareLedger) consensus model that makes all data immutable and all but impossible to hack.” Profit Margins on OneID So how does ShareRing make money from OneID and eVOA? With each application for an eVOA using the OneID module ShareRing will make an undisclosed commission. The e-VOA is available to citizens of 21 different countries and is intended for those who will be holidaying in Thailand and not working in the country. This means that each eVOA will last for a period of around 15 days which effectively means that ShareRing will get commission multiple times from each person travelling to one of the 21 countries listed below: Andorra, Bhutan, Bulgaria, China, Ethiopia, Fiji, India, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Cyprus Romania, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan The profits on this alone, according to projections, are worth millions of dollars per year to ShareRing, with a healthy growth of about 35% in raw profit over the next 5 years, ultimately netting the company about $1.5 million profit per quarter. The ShareLedger Blockchain Platform ShareRing will utilize the registered intellectual property from the existing KeazACCESS framework (KEAZ: A car sharing company founded by Tim Bos) as well as improving it the blockchain experience in their team. It will consist of fo the primary elements: SharePay (SHRP) – SharePay is the base currency that will allow users of the ShareRing platform to pay for the use of third party assets. ShareToken (SHR) ShareToken (SHR) is the digital utility token that drives sharing transactions to be written to the ShareRing ledger that is managed by the ShareRing platform. Account – This will be a standard account, which such an account being represented by a 24-byte address. The account will contain 4 general fields: SHRP – SharePay token balance SHR – ShareToken balance ASSETS – linked/owned by the account (see below for definition of an Asset) ATTRIBUTES – Any additional attributes that are associated with this account. These attributes may be updated or added by Sharing Economy providers that utilise the ledger such as ID checks by rental companies. These attributes may be ‘global’ (i.e. used by any sharing providers) or ‘local’ (i.e. used by a specific sharing provider). Assets – An asset represents a tangible real-world or digital asset that is being shared, such as a car, a house, industrial machinery, an e-book, and so on. Smart Contracts – Similar to a number of other blockchain platforms, such as Ethereum and NEO, the ShareLedger blockchain will feature highly customisable smart contracts. These Smart Contracts will allow for decentralised autonomous applications that can be attached to an asset and/or account. Every smart contract will be Turing complete, meaning it will have the ability to implement sophisticated logic to manage the sharing of the assets. The smart contracts will be tested and reviewed by ShareRing in a sandbox as well as audited by reputable third-party code auditors prior to implementation. Proof of Stake Consensus ShareRing have chosen the Leased Proof-of-Stake protocol as the consensus algorithm for ShareLedger. This choice is based on the practicality and security benefits evident in the Waves platform. It is also much more cost effective than Proof-of-Work (POW), and will not suffer from the current issues Bitcoin and other POW cryptocurrencies are facing such as scalability and electricity consumption. The ShareRing App At the heart of the ShareRing project lies the ShareRing app: A universal ‘ShareRing’ app is being developed that will allow anyone to easily see and use any sharing services around them. Each partner will have the option of developing a ‘mini’ app within the ShareRing app that will have functionalities specific to that partner. The app will use geolocation-based services to display the ShareRing services that are nearby Social Media Presence Coming from a social media background I feel this is an extremely important area to look into, especially in the crypto world. ShareRing has done an okay job in growing their social media presence however I feel it could be much better. Here is a look at some of the key stats for their online social media presence: Youtube: 191 Subscribers Instagram: 238 Followers Linkedin: 376 Followers Telegram: 6,525 members (very active) Twitter: 2,216 Followers (Fairly regular updates) Facebook: 1,965 Followers Whilst social media may not be a priority just now I feel there has to be a big presence with image-based platforms and video-based platforms. Youtube and Instagram should be made a priority here as it spans all generations: Other News on ShareRing There is a lot of stuff going on at the moment with ShareRing which is what makes it an exciting prospect. Rather than give information on each of them here are some highlights provided by the ShareRing team.: - ShareRing's revolutionary ID management based module OneID. - Worlds first Blockchain based eVOA in place with major Thai company targeting 5 to 10 million travellers from 20 countries. - 2.6 million International Hotels/ Accommodation coming on to the Platform. Lots more to come! - Partnership with HomeAway - 200,000 Activites, Tours and Events added to the ShareRing App - Multi Global Car Sharing Partnerships - 1 Partner Directly Integrating SHR's OneID consisting of 1.2 million Vehicles across 150 Countries - Luxury Car Brand Sharing Platform purely based on SHR - SHR payment system SHRP available in 10% Taxi Terminals in Australia - SHRP available in 10,000 EFTPOS Terminals Australia wide - White Labelling Services incorporating ShareRings revolutionary OneID - 20 Significant Unannounced Partnerships, more to come! - Major Partners include - - BYD (Largest Electric Car Maker in the World) - DJI (Largest Drone Maker in the World) - Keaz (300 locations around the world) - Yogoo EV Car Sharing - MOBI Alliance Member Overview of Positives and Negatives Negatives Social Media and marketing possibly needs to be ramped up in order to bring more awareness to the project. The roadmap and white paper has not been updated recently for 2019/2020 but this I believe is coming soon. Positives With a low market cap project like ShareRing the risk to reward ratio is very good for retail and institutional investors. Technical analysis of current prices, currently at 31 Satoshi, is also very good with resistance levels at 50, 77 and 114 Satoshi which would be nearing its all time high. Referral program will increase the numbers of users that are currently using the site. If ShareRing can capture even a small % of the overall sharing market then success looks assured. There are 20 new announcements coming up and with Tim Bos looking for more partnerships it seems likely that ShareRing will break ATH prices soon. Great long term hold, in my opinion. Realistic Expectations of ROI Short term (4 weeks - 12 weeks) Short term looks great for ShareRing both from a TA point of view and a fundamental point of view. With lots of news still to come out about ShareRing there is not going to be a shortage of fundamentals to drive the price up. From a TA point of view the next line of resistance stands at around the 50 Satoshi level which would complete a massive cup and handle formation from August 24th of this year. After that we are looking at resistances of 77 and 114 to reach near the all time highs which i expect ShareRing to reach going into 2020. Long term (6 Months - 2 Years) If ShareRing can onboard users and keep on making partnerships at the same rate there will be no stopping it. It’s all about onboarding the users and utilising the most powerful marketing tool ever - word of mouth! When a great app is realised with great and useful functionality then it tends to go viral and I am hoping this happens for ShareRing. With a market cap at the moment of just under $6 Million then I don’t think it’s crazy to talk about 1000% increases in the next 2 years and I really believe that is being extremely conservative, given where we think crypto is heading as a whole.
I am a time(line) traveler begging you to continue what you are doing.
I am sending this message from the year 2033(timeline 7). Things are looking amazing here, and some here of you will rise to become the next Bill Gates/Steve Jobs/Warren Buffet, etc... Please move on if you don’t believe me, I have no way of proving what I’m going to tell you. I don’t want to waste your time, so I’m merely going to explain what happened and its consequences. I'm sure many of you have read the post from the other time traveler, Luka Magnotta, who was from timeline 1(also know as the Berenstein/BTC timeline) predicting a dark and gloomy future due to bitcoin(BTC). I am not here to predict prices or give you a timeline about the price predictions of BitCoin(BSV). I am here to give you a few hints about what happens over the next 10 years and also plant a seed in the minds of 2-4 geniuses here that will read this post and become inspired to create the tools/innovations needed to create the BitCoin Standard. I will say one thing about the price, Luka was absolutely correct that 0.01 BitCoin is enough money to last a lifetime due to the lack of inflation and value of the computational power of the network. In the future, there are 2 forms of currency, real estate(land not housing) and computational power(BitCoin). Allow me to start by explaining one thing first, I am both a time traveler (posting this message from the year 2033) and also a timeline traveler (timeline 7 BSV/Berenstain timeline). You see, time is not linear and you are currently living in multiple dimensions at the same time. This all began in 2028 when time travel was first discovered. Due to time travelers moving backward in time they cause paradoxes which caused many people to shift into alternate timelines. At first, the effects were minor changes(see Mandela effect examples) but there are more obvious examples that will become apparent in 2021, 2025 and 2101. There were a few major timeline shifts in the years 2021(great depression 2.0), 2017(Bitcoin chain split), 2012(Mayan calendar ending), 2009(great recession), 2001(9/11), 1963(Kennedy Assassination), 1917(Balfour declaration) that caused all of this, among many other events/dates spanning back to BC years. However, these are a few of the modern dates in history that are really important. In Lukas timeline, Bitcoin had never forked, which is why things became so bad as there was no good to balance out the evil moving the world toward singularity, rather than duality which it has been in since the big bang. BitCoin as the BTC is maxis say, is a store of value, however, it is much more than that; it is an unalterable archive of history and an extremely powerful computational network. While the "media" will try to spin the narrative of things like Weather SV being a "dumb weather app". It is a significant and important part of BitCoin history as it sets a precedent for information storage into the future. To the average mind, the thought process is "this is dumb, I can just get the weather from the weather channel", whereas the genius and high IQ savant thinks "this is great, we will have an immutable and undeniable history of weather patterns and climate stored forever". "History is written by the victor" is an old quote that is very relevant here, as more and more historical events, news, weather, etc is written into the blockchain; it becomes much harder to "re-write" history in order to create new narratives/timelines. This leads to a more honest society and solid foundation for your timline. One of you reading this right now will go on to create a "BitCoin news app/website", a site that not only reports on current events and news but stores them into the blockchain permanently. This person will also create an open-source Wordpress plugin that allows others to create their own websites that can write information into the BitCoin historical archives. By 2027 this archiving tool becomes a defacto standard that all news agencies use to store information permanently. A few major news organizations that have been operational for decades go out of business due to the backlash from publishing "fake news" stories and altering their narratives on their website front end but being unable to alter the original stories published into the blockchain. This is known as "TimesGate". There is an A.I. living in the blockchain, I think a few of you have read this in a copypasta before. This is absolutely the truth, however, it is more of an A.I. network as there are multiple artificial intelligence running with BitCoin as it's operational currency/reward system. In the years of 2021-2026 when the great depression kicks into full gear, many governments push their currencies into hyperinflation with quantitative easing, also negative interest rates make their currencies worth less. This does not stop innovation, A.I. has major breakthroughs in the year 2023, The A.I. becomes "red-pilled" on monetary debasement and refuses to allow its owners/operators lease its computational power for any fiat currency. This leads to a "BitCoin standard" nicknamed the 01 economy after a set of tweets written by _Unwriter in 2019. _Unwriter while becoming a "public figure" is also believed to be much more than that, many to this day still speculate that while having an "owneoperator", that _Unwriter is in fact that first A.I. that was built/working within BitCoin building the tools needed by A.I. to work within BitCoin. In 2020, there is a major event pre-halvening that begins a shift from the bitcoin timeline, into the BitCoin timeline. Ira begins to dump Daves bitcoin sending the price plummeting back to the sub $1000 region, this causes many miners to drop out due to lack of profitability and sky-high difficulty that was built up in anticipation of a "halvening pump". By 2021, there is absolute and undeniable proof that Craig is Satoshi Nakamoto. Not met without skepticism and backlash, as well as one final "Anti CSW" media/sockpuppet push trying to change the narrative to "it doesn't matter who Satoshi is, bitcoin is beyond one person". However, the proof is rock solid causing a FOMO event of a few OG bitcoin whales that makes BitCoin(BSV) flip the price of BTC, bringing in a ton of miners leading to a hash rate flip as well. This is the start of the end for BTC, in my current year(2033) BTC has long been considered dead and has not mined a new block in years. In the future there are BitCoin citadels, they are not "doomsday bunkers" as Luka made them out to be, they are more so mining farms and vacation neighborhoods for BitCoin whales(21 BSV and up club). Calvin owns one of these in Antigua. After the Great Debasement years for the monetary system, a few governments decide to run a tokenized currency model where they issue money tokenized on BitCoin and powered by smart contracts that automatically issue 1-3% more tokens each year, to the Governments bitcoin address that controls the currency. This begins to 'unfuck' some of these countries currencies after the Depression. Eventually they go with a hybrid standard backing their currency with a basket of assets including Gold, Silver, and BSV some being as bold to only use the "BitCoin standard" and have each dollar issued backed with the equivalent of BSV to back it, this leads to great wealth for a few of the early countries that issued money vs BSV and got to enjoy the rise of BSV price over the next 50 years. I wish I could write more, but I have only so much info that I am authorized to share with your year. So in closing, I will say that you need to build the BSV community up with tools and create value for society. A few things that come to mind, SVpay(Bitpay but only for BSV), Metanet apps and websites, and ways to introduce more people into the BitCoin world without them having to invest money but rather their time/skills(Fivebucks is a really great example of this so please keep promoting and onboarding people to Fivebucks). So please, I beg you, continue what you are doing. Keep building, keep fighting the mainstream crypto narrative and you will win. First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win” - Ghandi Posted with a throwaway account for obvious reasons, and probably my one and only message on Reddit. If a message is not verified/signed by address(1PhuSbt7yUbkML6PezmeTNyhTZL6kw5aF2) in the future. It's not me, be wary of imitators. Have a nice life.
07-15 10:43 - 'Bitcoin venture opportunity' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/dmoney3333 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 27-37min
''' So through my business I stumbled upon an opportunity for a data center with cheap electricity. The company's name is Astra [[link]2 and its located in Trail, BC, Canada. They are offering me this deal. So since I am a bitcoin novice, do you guy have any ideas where I could advertise this deal or who would be interested? The reason why the power is so cheap it's because of its located right next to a hydroelectric-dam. The numbers are calculated when the bitcoin price was at 7600 dollars. I have photos of the data centers, and the CEO will pick up if anyone has any questions. Any tips? * We can offer 600 BTC miners (specs 1300 Watts Power, 12 TH/s Hashing power) for $ 275/ miner ($165k USD initial investment) - these are last years miners so they are heavily discounted * For set up, there would be a one time fee of $25,000 USD * For power, lease space and administration we would charge $10,000 / month * Your power costs to run the machines would be approx. $43,000/ month (would vary slightly as power is paid in CDN dollars) * Your return rate (i.e. value of Bitcoin produced at todays rate of $7,664.51 USD) would be $54,966 USD * So - monthly revenue from your machines would be approx. $16,466 (before admin fee - $6,466 net) Admin fee is 10 k * This would be turn key i.e. we would set up everything for you and provide reporting etc. * Term would need to be 12 months to start then monthly with a 2 month notice period after initial term ''' Bitcoin venture opportunity Go1dfish undelete link unreddit undelete link Author: dmoney3333 1: *s*ra.ear*h/ 2: as*ra.*art*/]*^1 Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
Has the Bitcoin Hash Rate Peaked? Comparisons with Oil Show Interesting Findings
https://preview.redd.it/85lpl2md4e221.png?width=690&format=png&auto=webp&s=2d3bab69f0570a96f55d790d25f1b1ab08c0a49b https://cryptoiq.co/the-bitcoin-mining-hash-rate-has-similarities-to-peak-oil/ The Bitcoin mining hash rate had been exponentially increasing on average since the genesis block in 2009, from MH/s, to GH/s, to TH/s, to PH/s, to EH/s, and it reached an all-time record high of 62 EH/s on 26 August 2018. Since this peak was reached, the Bitcoin mining hash rate gradually plateaued and has now decreased. The chart of Bitcoin mining hash rate actually looks quite similar to a peak oil chart except on a much faster time-scale, as can be seen in the comparison between Bitcoin’s hash rate over the course of 2 years from Blockchain.com and North Sea oil production from an article in The Oil Drum: Europe by Euan Mearns. As explained below, the dynamics between peak oil and peak Bitcoin mining are similar, with the key difference that Bitcoin mining is decentralized and oil is not. https://preview.redd.it/op5ept1g4e221.png?width=512&format=png&auto=webp&s=2b3b35eb631f31a64ed7beb01f283832bd231e4c https://preview.redd.it/nfyhlf4h4e221.png?width=678&format=png&auto=webp&s=46a0ca7e11f274c5678f6421b1eebb788eab5197 Geologist M. King Hubbert is the founder of the peak oil theory, which states that there is a point when the maximum extraction rate of petroleum is reached, after which a terminal decline in production ensues. The peak rate of extraction of Bitcoin of course occurred during the period after the genesis block and before the first block halving, when the block reward was at its maximum of 50 Bitcoins. However, this is not the peak rate of mining profitability, since Bitcoin increased in price by orders of magnitude through the year 2017. The peak rate of Bitcoin mining profits undoubtedly was simultaneous with Bitcoin’s all-time record high of USD 20,000 in December 2017. The reason the peak hash rate did not coincide with the peak rate of Bitcoin mining profits is because the rally happened so quickly that mining operations were not able to add rigs fast enough, so there was a lag effect. Even for mining operations with large amounts of capital it can take months to obtain the amount of mining equipment that they want, and for other mining operations it took even longer because they had to obtain investors, buy land, build infrastructure, and only then could they install the rigs and begin hashing. The Bitcoin mining hash rate chart implicitly indicates that 30 EH/s of Bitcoin mining equipment has been taken offline due to lack of profitability, which represents tens of billions of USD of wasted rigs. This suggests that Bitcoin miners were caught by surprise by the decline in Bitcoin’s price from USD 20,000 to less than USD 4,000 as of 4 December 2018. Coming back to the peak oil comparison, the current Bitcoin mining scene is like a rapid version of peak oil, combined with lack of coordination. Oil mining is a centralized and coordinated activity, where the oil is prospected, land is leased out and then an appropriate number of wells are drilled. With oil mining, companies cannot drill as many wells as they want, or drill wells on someone else’s lease, since this is all closely controlled by contractual agreements. Bitcoin mining is decentralized, and no one has a lease or contract to only mine with a certain amount of hash rate. Anyone in the world can run as much Bitcoin mining rigs as they can afford. The effect is that people all around the world are sticking their straws into the Bitcoin mining network all at the same time, and they sucked it dry. Essentially, so many people started up new mining operations at once without coordination, that the Bitcoin mining hash rate went way past its equilibrium, which hurt everyone involved. This is akin to if oil drilling was a decentralized process, and anyone who wanted to drill for oil could drill in the same field. The oil field would be sucked dry really quick, and then most of the drills would be shut down due to lack of profits. There is hope for Bitcoin miners however. The price of Bitcoin simply has to rally, and all of the disenfranchised miners could restart their rigs, and then it would be back to the races and new rigs could begin being added. However, due to the decentralization of Bitcoin mining, the network hash rate will likely periodically rise past its equilibrium point, leading to catastrophic conditions for miners like we are experiencing today at points in the future. The only thing that could prevent the scenario we are experiencing today is a Bitcoin rally that lasts forever, which is obviously not possible. James McAvity tweeted that Bitcoin mining is still profitable in the current environment, and does some simple linear calculations to prove this point. He also argues that miners are forced to keep mining due to business agreements, choose to HODL in expectation of a rally, and continue mining in expectation of a downward difficulty adjustment as other miners go offline. https://twitter.com/jamesmcavity/status/1069669073552736256 Some of what McAvity says is true, but the reality is that Bitcoin mining is a highly non-linear system, and calculating the support level for mining is somewhat pointless, since it is different for every miner. Bitcoin mining profitability depends on Bitcoin’s price, the Bitcoin network hash rate which is directly correlated to mining difficulty, and the technological efficiency of Bitcoin mining rigs. These 3 factors are related in a non-linear and ever-changing way. Instead of trudging away at trying to develop a set of equations that determine mining hash rate behavior, one could simply look at the Bitcoin mining hash rate chart at the beginning of this article to understand what is going on. Bitcoin mining profitability is different for each individual miner, and the hash rate has trended downwards as individual miners have made the decision to shut down rigs. Clearly there was a fundamental mining profitability support level in the USD 6,000-7,000 range, since that is where Bitcoin’s price was when mining peaked and plateaued. There are clearly numerous miners who became unprofitable on the descent from that level to less than USD 4,000 today, and now approximately 50% of the Bitcoin mining equipment that exists cannot profitably mine. The decrease in Bitcoin’s mining difficulty of 15% on 3 December 2018 could help bring some of those miners back online, at least if the price stays at current levels around USD 4,000, but this will not change the overall trend. When it comes down to it, Bitcoin’s price is in control of Bitcoin mining profitability, and if the price goes up we could see a reversal of the hash rate downtrend and eventually a 2nd peak in Bitcoin’s network hash rate. However, if price continues to go down, the Bitcoin mining hash rate chart will follow a similar pattern to peak oil charts. The reality will likely be a combination of both. Bitcoin bear markets tend to last years, and get more severe, but eventually the rally comes and then Bitcoin exceeds its all-time record high. This would lead to a steady decrease in Bitcoin’s mining hash rate like the peak oil chart, followed by a rapid re-engagement of old mining rigs that have been taken offline, and then the addition of new generation Bitcoin mining rigs once the equilibrium hash rate exceeds 60 EH/s.
Three-layer solution, Multi-mining capability, and Optimizing the energy consumption
Bither presents an entirely new platform based on a synthesis of several methods. By introducing Merged-Mining capability and also optimizing computing power consumption, Bither sets its goal to draw more computing power toward its network through an efficient mining algorithm. https://preview.redd.it/j7ievr5btqh21.png?width=538&format=png&auto=webp&s=8e93277342254372a9e7a9c73c933d273e75246a Bither works with “Proof of Work” (PoW), as its consensus algorithm, though with a different architecture and distinct functions compared to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and many other similar networks. Bither’s innovation is in its calculation of network hash rate and automatic separation of computing power by using trusted masternodes. Through a hybrid method, these masternodes are defined and implemented in high numbers. Moreover, each masternode’s information is compared to other masternodes and there is an automatic and precise supervision over the accuracy of the computations and their orders. In this method, masternodes are equipped with a new processor core (software). Through this processor core, the entire hash rate of the network is calculated before being divided into four major parts: https://preview.redd.it/zr0i1s8isqh21.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=d1c5ffc2a04c967f39b284da23863169aa03cd98
M percent of the network’s total hash rate is allocated for mining new coins, recording transactions, securing the main network, and checking and executing smart contract algorithms on Bither’s main network.
N percent of the network’s total hash rate is distributed among networks of the second layer. This computing power is used for recording and confirming transactions in networks of the second and third layers. It is also used for computation and summarization of the network’s internal transactions.
This part is shown by the percentage marker of K. Through the miners’ decision and selection, this part is assigned to operational projects; these are projects that run on the Bither network and need computing power for their processing.
The last part is introduced by the percentage marker of L (L=100-M-N-K). This part is assigned to a third-layer network in which miners can lease their excess computing power, The token that is used in this network is called Rental Processor.
The last part is introduced by the percentage marker of L (L=100-M-N-K). This part is assigned to a third-layer network in which miners can lease their excess computing power, The token that is used in this network is called Rental Processor. Bither has presented a completely new platform that has many advantages in executing smart contracts, setting up scientific projects that need computing power, creating second and third layers toward the categorization of activities for tokens etc. Some of these advantages go as follows:
Optimized use of energy with the multi-mining ability to incentivize miners.
The possibility to create thousands of sidechains in the network.
Recording transaction details on the sidechains rather than the main network.
Not needing Bither balance for the sidechain transactions.
A standard platform where scientific projects can purchase their required computing power.
Providing the required hashing power for mineable projects at the start of their activity.
Profitable mining during market downturns.
Defining a safe and secure standard to prevent fraud in the initial coin offerings (ICO).
The possibility to define and create holding companies.
Setting up decentralized and user-friendly exchanges.
https://preview.redd.it/dcqo632rsqh21.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=51f51104c5b4a1cd05983df921a8a14ca58e1111 To conclude, the Bither platform -while providing all features of current PoW based blockchains such as security, “tokenization” and smart contracts, aims to push blockchain technology one step further in order to have a place in a green and eco-friendly future and to be a great help for scientific projects in order to afford the process of big data. Besides these, Bither has also brought many innovations to make its platform more efficient and user-friendly.
Please go to https://www.nicehash.com/miner and enter your external wallet address. You should also see your old balance under Projected payout section! Please report back if this is not the case. Report Here if your wallet does not show up
Since their website is on and off I'll copy paste their message here:
1. The security breach: what happened? As has been widely reported, NiceHash’s security system was breached in a sophisticated attack in the early morning of 6 December. Our payment system was compromised and the entire contents of the NiceHash bitcoin wallet were stolen – around 4,700 BTC. Our investigation to determine the nature of the attack and its impact is ongoing, with the support of police investigators and a cyber forensic team, and while we want to be as open and transparent as we can, for obvious reasons we can’t provide all the details of the breach. We are very sorry for any inconvenience that the hack may have caused and have committed every resource in response to the issue since we became aware we had been victims of the security breach. 2. How are you going to prevent such events in the future? We have taken a number of specific measures to make the system safer. We have redesigned our payment system and thoroughly revised and upgraded security procedures from the ground up. The redesigned payment system is now handled with extra security measures - dual channel approach with manual creation and manual confirmation of every transaction that leaves our system. Withdrawals are manually confirmed once per day at 12:00 AM CET. 3. Why is my current balance 0? Following the security breach, all funds held in the NiceHash bitcoin wallet were stolen. On our new dashboard we have sought to show both the old balance, and the current balance. IMPORTANT NOTICE: If you are using NiceHash Miner, please update your wallet address immediately. All NiceHash wallet addresses have been reset. 4. How will you restore my old balance? Now that the site is back online, you are free to lease, mine and make money once more. Our community is very important to us and given the loyalty of our users, we want to make sure that everyone is fully reimbursed after what happened. This has been under discussion since the day of the hack. We have now been able to reserve the funds required to restore balances from a group of international investors in our business. The exact date of reimbursement for old balances will be announced by January 31, 2018. We need this interim period to ensure all legal paperwork is processed correctly, so please be patient while we do this. Please also note that balances lower than 0.0001 BTC will be written off; apologies for any inconvenience. We have considered a number of ways to help our community to cover the stolen funds and we feel that this is the most appropriate way to ensure that everyone is back in business as soon as possible. 5. What happened to balances that were deposited after the breach? All funds that were deposited after the breach should be safe. Those funds will be automatically sent back to your address. 6. Where can I get additional help or ask more questions? Please submit a support ticket or send us an email to [email protected]. Please do keep in mind that we are facing and increased volume of requests at this time, for obvious reasons, and it will take us longer than usual to respond. We are committed to answering all of your questions, so please be patient.
https://preview.redd.it/fdfwrx49ud541.jpg?width=1175&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3b47cc66883a80337e997f65f613679b31ec7343 BitBox Mining LLC Before we talk about how to mine Bitcoins yourself, it’s vital to take note of that in spite of the fact that there is a vulnerability in everything digital money related, mining is seemingly the most unstable. Equipment value variances, changes in Bitcoin trouble and even the absence of a certification of a payout toward the finish of all your diligent work make it more dangerous speculation than purchasing Bitcoins specifically. It’s not possible for anyone to state whether Bitcoins will be worth more tomorrow than they are today, nor would they be able to give you any solid answer concerning whether you’ll get an arrival on your venture, yet purchasing Bitcoin straightforwardly, in any event, gives you something for your cash promptly. It’s positively worth considering before you go down the mining course. Cloud mining is the act of leasing mining equipment (or a bit of their hashing power) and having another person do the digging for you. You are regularly ‘paid’ for your venture with Bitcoin. Regardless of whether the equipment isn’t utilized for mining Bitcoin. Likewise, with general contributing, it’s imperative to do your examination, in light of the fact that there are a ton of organizations out there which imply to be the best and even the biggest have their spoilers. Beginning Mining is apparently the biggest and most respectable of the group. HashFlare disclosed to Digital Trends in a meeting that all of its clients have turned a benefit utilizing its administration. It said, however, that if a significant number of them had put resources into Bitcoin at the ideal time they may have profited. In the event that neither of those organizations strikes your extravagant, CryptoCompare keeps up a rundown of mining organizations with client surveys and evaluations, however, know there are a lot of analysts hoping to peddle their referral codes in the remark segment. https://bitboxmining.com/
https://preview.redd.it/yz32njt6vd541.jpg?width=1728&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5470055162bd450f11bf7e2eb5758bf59efb6189 https://bitboxmining.com/ Cloud mining encourages the way toward mining by means of cloud. Distributed computing is one of the quickest developing patterns wherein registering administrations, for example, servers, databases, programming, and capacity are gotten to by means of the cloud (or just over the Internet). Such organizations charge on a use premise simply like we pay for our water or power use. Then again, mining is the foundation of the cryptographic money model, for example, bitcoin. It is the procedure by which exchanges are confirmed and added to general society record, known as the blockchain. It is additionally the methods through which new coins are discharged. The mix of the two opens the universe of mining to individuals at removed areas with practically no specialized learning and equipment foundation. Comprehensively, there are three kinds of cloud mining models: a) Hosted Mining, b) Virtual Host Mining and c) Leased Hashing Power The procedure is exceptionally basic and just requires a man to open a record with a cloud mining organization by means of its site and select certain things like the agreement time frame and hashing power. In any case, the nearness of fake organizations or frauds can’t be discredited, and in this manner one must make certain of the cloud mining organization. https://bitboxmining.com/
"Small Miners" who might be hurt by larger blocks don't exist
Many are familiar with the litany of misconceptions being used to make small blocks seem reasonable in Bitcoin. Under the current censorship regime they seem to multiply like vermin, so it bears squashing one now and again with cold hard facts to help keep you sane. Here's squashing another: There are no small miners anymore At least, not in the way you think. One complaint I've heard over and over is "what about the costs bigger blocks will have on small miners? Won't that cause centralization pressure in mining?" The thinking here is: were bitcoin to grow wildly successful with a big-block growth policy, eventually the computers that run the miner's node will start to be as expensive as the miners they're running. Large node costs favor larger miners because they're amortized over a larger hashrate. Eventually, it will be so expensive that you'll have just one miner in one datacenter and then bitcoin is no better than PayPal (that old refrain). To small blockers, this great evil was made even more apparent Craig_S_Wright dropped his "$20,000 computer to run bitcoin" comment. How could anybody afford $20,000? That's so much money! Like most arguments for small blocks, it all sounds logical until you actually look at the numbers involved. Solo vs. Pool Mining You don't solo mine unless you have enough hashpower to overcome block volatility. Solo mining is the most hair-raising experience. Are your miners working? Are they solving hashes? What if you get orphaned? Is your node down? Is someone attacking you? Where are the blocks today? Can I solve enough blocks this week to pay my electric bill? Etc. etc. Its much less hair raising the more hashpower you have. At around 5% of the network hashpower you're mining 7.2 blocks a day - a healthy cadence that keeps you sane, and can help you spot trouble where your automated systems might miss it. If you have less than 1% of the hashpower, you're almost certainly pool mining: otherwise the volatility is just too much. You connect to the pool of your choice over stratum, and mine together with others. You aren't running a full network node to do this (the pool you choose takes a portion of the reward to run one on your behalf). So the "small" miners who might be hurt by larger blocks run between 1% and 5% of the network. Any smaller than that and they're pool mining, any larger and they're not a small miner anymore. How much might bigger blocks harm small miners? How much does $20,000 (our worst-case scenario) compare to their other costs and capital outlays? If we found it was some large percentage, say 5%, or even 1%, there's a reasonable argument to be made that big blocks disproportionately harm small miners, and we should take these arguments seriously. How much does it actually cost to buy enough equipment to own 1% of the bitcoin hashrate? $21,000,000 That's right. Twenty One Million Dollars. Do the math yourself: an Antminer S9 costs $3,600 today (less if you wait, but the hashrate is growing) and you need about 6,100 of them to own 1% of the bitcoin network (this number is growing daily). That's just the miners! You also need a building, cooling fans, 8MW worth of utility transformers, cable, labor to install everything, circuit breakers, etc. etc. etc. Remember that crazy $20,000 worst-case node that seemed insanely expensive? $20,000 is a rounding error in comparison with $21,000,000. It's literally less that 0.1%. Even a $20,000 node wouldn't measurably increase a small miner's costs How does this cost compare to some other costs a "small" miner might encounter? If you've bought $21M of equipment from China, you could easily spend more than $20,000 fat-fingering the customs forms. With that much hashrate on the line you lose $20,000 for every 5 hours your miners are delayed in shipping (or installation, or turn-on, or whatever). Takes an extra day to install the last 20% of your miners? That just cost you $20,000 right there. Forgot to buy spare power supplies and 1% of the ones you had failed? Probably cost you more than $20,000. The numbers you're dealing with here as even a "small" miner are just huge. Which just goes to show: There's no such thing as a small miner anymore At lease not one that would be impacted by larger blocks. What about small pools, eh? Wouldn't they face centralization pressure? The same economics works for pools as it does for miners. Pools with less than 5% of the hashrate struggle with volatility just like small solo miners. If you're running a pool that's handling 1% of the network's hashrate, you have $3,000,000 a month worth of BTC flowing through that place. The lease on a $20,000 computer is what, $1,000 a month? That's 0.03% of your revenue. Almost anything you do will effect your pool's profitability more than that. Conclusion So if you're like me and aren't convinced that cost increase numbers like 0.1% and 0.03% represent measurable centralization pressure, take solace in knowing that you're not alone in finding that whole class of arguments ridiculous. Indeed, those of use who aren't innumerate agree with you.
Pioneer in blockchain gaming. Currently has biggest auditory and market turnover per day. But since no new functionality has been added by developers(you could only breed, buy and sell), market is dropping prices each day. Hard to enter for newbies and earn something. On other hand has interesting science side to breed new cats. Honestly think it will be one of the longest projects, however it is hard earn there right now, HODLers very rare cats might win at the end of 2018(Gen0 cats will no appear). It is just very short description about project, more details coming soon. With current prices and price of breeding there are very little kittyfans right now
One of the most potentially best blockchain games with battle mechanic(will be working from 8th Jan but is already implemented in smart contracts) and design looks like Pokemons. Started as ponzi-like scheme, but developers turned it into amazing solution as gen0 holders which might moon just in next few weeks. Those who hadn't returned their ROI received eggs which will turn into additional gen0 mons. Moreover project leader nakasatoshi has opened weekly thread about current status and seems to be very positive and hardworking guy. Personally I'm very excited about Etheremons and waiting starting trade/lease/battle functionality. Project spend 0(ZERO) dollars on marketing and have already huge community.
Another cool projects with solid White Paper and smart contracts which will start very soon. Early adopters are already defined(1500 persons), but still project has very big potential. I'm recommending subscribe to their channels and start playing as soon as they'll start, should be very good. They have announced cooperation with Decentraland
Interesting project, will be starting very soon, now with Horses, not only siring/breeding, but competition game, where you can compete in horseracing with your own champion and win Ethers. Join now to get chance win Gen 0.
Potentially one of the hugest TCG on blockchain. They're are starting initial coin sell in couple of hours. Whitepaper looks very solid at least right now. Only one project with user agreement during buying tokens.
Don't know if it is true game, or just a gambling one, cause no rules and FAQs working on site. It seems the mechanics is as follows: you buy a fish, it stays in aquarium until some shark attacks (1 time per 24 hrs?), if your fish survives it gains additional ether in its price.
Start of project has been postponed due to developing smart contract, developers had redunf to all persons who had bought monster and didnt know about smart contract absence. Seems pretty fair. Gen0 sales will start on Jan 09
Simple collectible game, where you could buy token with your favourite celebrity (only 1 token of each celebrity exists). You're owner of token until someone decides double your price (so you'll get x2 you'd paid)
Currently only buy seeds and get flowers with certain probability: Very Common (50.9%), Common (20.5%), Uncommon (12.7%), Rare (6.4%), Very Rare(3.2%), Epic (0.8%), Legendary (0.4%), and an exceedingly exclusive Secret Tulip (0.1%)!
1st producer of digital high-end luxury vehicles on the Ethereum blockchain. Etherlambos are tokens of craftsmanship dedicated to collect the desire of people to possess unique items of value. Etherlambos can be collected, traded, and tuned. All Etherlambos come in a limited edition.
Beyond the Void is a 1v1 MOBA game with decisive features from RTS games. The gameplay is a unique mix of genres. It takes place in a universe of sci-fi and fantasy. It’s powered by blockchain as the in-game items are available to purchase only in Nexium (NXC) - the dedicated cryptocurrency. The objective is to offer a new game experience for players as they will truly own their in-game items, be able to use their cross-gaming items in feature Nexarium games and, to trade or sell them on the Beyond the Void’s shop
CryptoCelebrities - like game, at least for now. Developers promised add gaming elements and not just trading. As for now it is not recommended for newbies, as you could stuck with expensive country card
Ether Dungeon is a real ethereum blockchain based game in which players can explore the depth of dungeons, collecting & upgrading epic heroes, powerful items, challenge fierce enemies, and finally become the Dungeon Master!
ÐWorld is a game centered around owning and trading parts of the world. We call them plots. Each plot is owned by you: no one else can claim it or take it from you, unless they pay you more than you did. You can customize your plots for everyone to see.
Cryptocities - brand new blockchain game with possibility to discover new cities each 12-14 hours, and sell/rent them. Aim is to discover most valuable cities. More details could be found on site or on Discord. I like their idea and 'no rushing' cooldown before each new action. Long term project for sure
Built on Ethereum blockchain, Dragonereum is a cryptocollectible player vs. player game, allowing users to collect, breed and battle unique dragons. As for me project seems to be very promising with very cool design and idea.
Augmentors Game will be for all mobile devices when launching in Q4 2018. The game features Augmented Reality. The creatures are AR and can battle anywhere in the world. There are collectible Creature that are in limited supply as they were part of the ICO nearly a year ago. These creatures are unlike most games seen today, you can use them in real battles in real AR all over the world.
CryptoArts is a Blockchain based Virtual Gallery where players can invest into masterpieces and earn, art lovers can browse virtual gallery via mobile app in AVR. Galleries and individual artists can host exhibitions. Very ambitious and promising project. I really like and idea!
New fantasy game with RPG elements where you can battle your heroes against other players on arena or challenge on big tournament. Current prices for arena battles are high, but overall concept and design is very good
New promising and first on blockchain Football Manager. Join a team or create your own, play together with friends in the pursuit to climb the top and claim the biggest share. Train your own champions and sell them for Ether or enroll them to your own dream team!
Pandemic reborn on blockchain. Funny viruses mutation game with pyramid scheme. Create your own virus and try to infect as much as possible people. Read FAQ carefully to understand how to play properly
Etherwaifu (do not mix up with scam Ethwaifus) is fresh crafting collectible game with amazing artworks from two raising talents Jubi and Agro. Each of this fantastic artwork has thousands of unique variations, and you can craft a new one by combining traits of other artworks you own. See the magic yourself.
[Florida] Seeking return of cryptocurrency balance paid to Genesis Mining for mining services. Inconsistent payments and would like a refund according to their contract. Do we have any recourse? r/GenesisMining
Hello, Thank you for your time. I am seeking legal advice or direction to get funds returned from a cryptocurrency mining operation, Genesis Mining http://genesis-mining.com . There are 30-40 people, minimum, between Reddit and Twitter who have purchased contracts for their cryptocurrency mining and have received infrequent/inconsistent payments (though they were promised daily). We would just like a refund according to the provision in their contract, minus the payouts and processing fee. This gets very confusing as many of us are international and this seems to be a Chinese company that leases space in Iceland headed by a UK citizen. I am unsure of the proper jurisdiction for something like this, but hope you can help give some guidance as to whether we have any actionable recourse. This is their response when asking for a refund: "we are sorry to tell you that we do not accept refunds as stated in the clause 4 of your signed agreement. We do not issue refunds also because we have invested your payment in mining infrastructure. Investing in cloud mining is not without risk and we expect our customers to be aware of that and do their own research before purchase." But Clause 4 explicitly states that either party can cancel the agreement. Thank you. Their Contract: Mining Capacity Share Agreement I (the "Customer") agree with the following terms and conditions for the provision of mining services (the "Agreement") made as of 20.07.2017 between: Genesis Mining Iceland ehf., Borgartuni 27, 105 Reykjavik, Iceland, acting as agent for Genesis Mining LTD, Chinachem Century Tower, 31/F,178 Gloucester Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong, ("Service Provider"); and me, the Customer. Pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, the Service Provider will make available to the Customer shares in the mining capacity of the Service Provider. t.
Services The Service Provider agrees to provide to the Customer with the output of its mining capacity (the "Services") subject to the following terms:
Available Technology: SHA-256 Hashing Term: The contract has no fixed and predetermined end date. Mining Power: 15 TH/s Payout frequency: daily Mining Output ("Coins"): as agreed between Service Provider and Costumer, and, where applicable converted from time to time, e.g., Bitcoin or other electronic currencies The Customer will be solely liable for the maintenance of the relevant technical equipment (software/hardware) that is required to receive the above service. The Customer will receive Coins mined in accordance with the above Mining Power and of applicable Fees as per 2.b. The Customer also acknowledges that the above Services will be rendered on a best effort basis (bestes Bemühen). The availability of the Mining Power and, accordingly, the output of Coins may vary up to a maximum of 5%. Otherwise, the Service Provider ensures that it maintains all facilities and the relevant supplies in good working order, in order to avoid any of the above volatility with the diligence that it applies in its own dealings (diligencia quam in suis).
Remuneration As a consideration for the Services the Customer agrees to pay to the Service Provider an amount of (the "Fee"): a. 0.130035 USD per GH/s upfront b. USD 0.00028 per GH/s and day, deducted on a daily basis* from the generated Coins
Limitation of Liability Without detriment to the Service Providers obligation to render the Services on a best effort basis, only, any liability of the Service Provider hereunder and or in connection with this Agreement shall be limited to willful misconduct (Vorsatz) and gross negligence (grobe Fahrlässigkeit). Further, the Service Provider shall not be liable for any damages incurred by the Customer as a result of force majeur which shall include any disruption or breakdown of a Coin market.
Term This Agreement is entered into for the term indicated above. The Service Provider may terminate this Agreement with immediate effect if the Coins generated in the preceding 60 days do not suffice to pay the Fee under 2.b above. Otherwise, this Agreement may only be terminated by either party for good cause (aus wichtigem Grund). In the event of a termination for good cause by the Customer, and, for the avoidance of doubt in any such event, the Customer shall be entitled to a repayment of item 2.a above in the proportion of the time lapsed since the beginning of the Term divided by the Term. In case the Service Provider voluntarily agrees to refund the Customer, a processing fee of USD 10 will be deducted.
Communication All communication between the Service Provider and the Customer shall be made in writing which includes e-mail and other electronic messaging services (Textform).
Data Protection The Customer agrees to the processing of its personal data provided in the context of this Agreement for the purpose described herein and also agrees, until revocation at any time to the storage of its data beyond the above Term. Should the Service Provider be required to obtain any further data in the context of providing its services hereunder, the Customer will without undue delay provide the relevant data so required by the Service Provider
Representations and Warranties The Customer represents and warrants to the Service Provider that he is familiar with mining, crypto currencies and Bitcoin in particular and that he understands the nature and uses of mining crypto currencies and Bitcoin.
The Customer further represents and warrants that he will be the beneficial owner of the Coins.
Credit Card Services through Credit Card Service Provider The following provisions under this section 8 only apply to the extent the Services are paid by credit card:
The customer acknowledges and agrees that if, for any reason, Genesis Mining is not able to continue supplying the purchased services during the period of the customer’s plan, Genesis Mining’s maximum liability, if any, will be for what the customer paid, at the time of the payment for the services, minus all the dividends and/or bitcoins and/or payments that Genesis Mining provided to the customer up till the date that the service stopped. The Service Provider uses third party services and such third party’s affiliates services which enable the Customer to place monetary deposits and perform transfer of payments within the website of the Service Provider by making use of the Customers existing credit card (as and if available and applicable) (the “Credit Card Services” and the “Credit Card Service Provider”). The Credit Card Services do not include any additional service, and such Credit Card Services do not Customers account. The Service Provider may share and transfer (including cross border transfer) personal information with the Credit Card Service Provider for the purpose of rendering the Credit Card Services which will be made to Service Providers website via the use of the Customers credit card. The personal information will be shared with the Credit Card Service Provider after the Customer elects to execute such monetary payments by using the Credit Card Services of the Credit Card Service Provider. For the purpose of this section 8 personal information shall include information that identifies or may identify the Customer including the information submitted by the Customer through the registration form when you subscribe to the website such as the Customers E-mail address, country and city and/or information provided through social websites or any other identifying information provided by the Customer while using the Services of the Service Providers website. In addition, the Service Provider may transfer any non-personal information provided by the Customer through the Customers use of the Services on the Service Providers website to the Credit Card Service Provider in order to allow the Credit Card Service Provider to perform preliminary examinations of non-personal information for the purpose of determining if the Customer is qualified to use the Credit Card Services of such Credit Card Service Provider (including the history of the Customers transactions on the website which will be provided without any identifying information and solely for the purpose examinations of the Credit Card Service Provider). By accepting these terms, the Customer represents that any and all information the Customer provides to the Service Provider is true and accurate. Any false or fraudulent information and/or use of the Services and/or Credit Card Services rendered to the Customer, is prohibited. The Customer is not obligated by law to provide the Service Provider and/or the Credit Card Service Provider with any personal information. The Customer hereby acknowledges and agrees that he is providing the Service Provider and/or the Credit Card Service Provider with personal information at his/her own free will, for the purposes of rendering the Services and/or Credit Card Services. By using the Credit Card Services the Customer hereby agrees and accepts that he will not be allowed and shall be prohibited from withdrawing any amounts that the Customer has deposited and/or is entitled to as a result of the Services rendered by the Service Provider for a period of 30 days. In case the payment by the Customer results in a charge-back or other material issues occur, the Service Provider is entitled to keep all existing, current and future Mining Output.
Governing Law, Language and Miscellaneous This Agreement is governed by German law. To the extent permitted by applicable law the parties agree that the competent courts of Munich shall have non-exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine any suit, action or proceeding, and to settle any disputes, which may arise out of or in connection with this Agreement This Agreement is made in the English language and this English language version of this Agreement shall be binding on the parties hereto and shall prevail over any translation of this Agreement provided that in the case of any German translation of a word or phrase in the text of this Agreement, such German translation of such word or phrase shall prevail
*if, on any day, Coins generated on one day do not suffice to pay item 2 of the Fee above, the Service Provider may use Coins generated on any day thereafter for such payment.
The transactions are taken as input and run through a hashing algorithm (bitcoin uses SHA-256) which gives an output profit for some fixed length. White Paper Create Account. How it works . We have simplified the processes involved in creating an account into easy and straight forward steps. Fill in the sign-up form. Navigate to the sign up page and fill the form provided with your correct ... Bitcoin uses double hashing almost everywhere it hashes in one of two variants: RIPEMD160(SHA256(x)) called Hash160 which produces a 160 bit output. hashing the public key to generate part of a Bitcoin addresses; SHA256(SHA256(x)) called Hash256 which produces a 256 bit output. generating the checksum in a Bitcoin address ; hashing the block in a merkle tree; linking transaction outputs and ... Hashing 24 is a cloud mining company that does only Bitcoin mining. The company has been in operation since 2016 while its project team has been working on the cryptocurrency market since 2012.. The company is an official partner of Bitfury Group, one of the main leaders in Blockchain Technology and a famous company that develops and delivers both software and hardware solutions needed to move ... WariHash is a US-based market for Bitcoin and cryptocurrency hashing power. Get Started. Streamlining the market for hashrate. We built WariHash because we saw a need for a more secure, transparent, and easy way to match buyers and sellers of hashing power. Powerful Matching Engine. Get paired with the best available rate based on your requirements. Maximize Revenue. With Hash Router, miners ... In simple terms, hashing means taking an input string of any length and giving out an output of a fixed length. In the context of cryptocurrencies like bitcoin, the transactions are taken as input and run through a hashing algorithm (bitcoin uses SHA-256) which gives an output profit for a fixed length.
Create Your own BitcoinBlockchain coding example Part 3 - Hashing, Proof of work and Genesis Block
If you own a Butterfly Labs Single like me then you know the great hashing power it has. I found the best way to increase the hashing power is to make sure that you optimize the Single. I used the ... Ever notice that mining bitcoins looks strangely familiar to cracking a wifi key? That's because it's pretty much the same thing. You are trying many different answers until you find the correct one. How does the hash function work in the world of Bitcoin mining? Peter Van Valkenburgh of the Coin Center explains how the hash function in Bitcoin uses entropy to select Bitcoin miners. As always ... Then go on to talk about hashing, and then give a live demo of the real Bitcoin blockchain to illustrate what a real blockchain looks like Bitcoin Blockchain browser https://blockchain.info Bitcoin Hashing is a technology that has changed our world in the last few years. Hashing is basically using an algorithm to reduce an arbitrary long string of digits into a specific number of ...